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​Strategic Prevention Framework

​SAMHSA’s Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) is a process known to promote prevention at the federal, state, and community level. The SPF is built on a community-based risk and protective factors approach to prevention and a series of guiding principles that can be utilized to promote resilience and decrease risk factors in individuals, families, and communities.

The RPS has developed resources and toolkits to help communities move through the five steps of the SPF:

  1. ​Assess their prevention needs based on epidemiological data (see Needs Assessment)
  2. Build their prevention capacity (see Community Readiness)
  3. Develop a strategic plan (see Strategic Planning)
  4. Implement effective community prevention programs, policies, and practices (see Implementation)
  5. Evaluate their efforts for outcomes (see Evaluation)


Strategic Prevention Framework.pdfStrategic Prevention Framework
Risk and Protective Factors and Social Development Strategy.pdfRisk and Protective Factors and Social Development Strategy