Strategic Planning is both a process and a plan. It is a data-driven plan that guides prevention work in a community. Well designed plans include the following:
- A process that is data-driven, community-based, and ongoing.
- dentified goals, strategies, and specific action steps for implementation.
- Contain a mix of evidence-based programs, policies, and practices to affect community level change.
- A focus on improving and strengthening the prevention infrastructure already in place, and building on the resourcesand capacities that already exists within the community.
This toolkit outlines the steps for developing a strategic plan and includes templates, sample plans, and helpful tips. Communities that engage in a strategic planning process should already have a coalition in place and have completed a thorough needs assessment.
Logic Models are visual tools that depict a sequence of events that is expected to create a change and help address a problem or issue. They are often developed in concert with strategic plans as they show the logical relationship between the need you will address, the services you will provide, and the changes you expect to see as the result. Our Logic Model Toolkit provides guidance on developing your own logic model in conjunction with a strategic plan.
In the health care field, Evidence-Based Practice (or practices), also called EBP or EBPs, generally refers to approaches to prevention or treatment that are validated by some form of documented scientific evidence.
What counts as "evidence" varies. Evidence often is defined as findings established through scientific research, such as controlled clinical studies, but other methods of establishing evidence are considered valid as well. Evidence-based practice stands in contrast to approaches that are based on tradition, convention, belief, or anecdotal evidence. http://nrepp.samhsa.gov/about-evidence.asp
Choosing an evidence-based approach means that the program, policy, or practice meets at least one of the following three criteria:
Federal Lists or Registries: appears on at least one federal government approved list of programs or website (e.g.,
Nat’l Registry of Effective Programs - NREPP, Dept. of Ed., Dept. of Justice)
Peer-reviewed Journals: has appeared in a peer-reviewed journal and has demonstrated effectiveness
Documented Effectiveness: documentation is provided that the program, policy, or practice is evidenced-based