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​Capacity Building

Capacity Building is the process of increasing the willingness and ability of your community to engage in prevention efforts. The best place to start with capacity building is to assess your community's readiness for change as well as assess your coalition's effectiveness. Information from these assessments can help guide your strategies and efforts.

Dimensions of Community Readiness: Dimensions of readiness are key factors that influence your community's preparedness to take action on an issue. The dimensions identified and measured in the Community Readiness Model are very comprehensive in nature. They are an excellent tool for diagnosing your community's needs and for developing strategies that meet those needs.

  • Community Efforts: To what extent are there efforts and programs that address this issue?
  • Community Knowledge of the Efforts: To what extent do community members know about local efforts and their effectiveness, and are the efforts accessible to all segments of the community?
  • Leadership: To what extent are appointed leaders and  influential community members supportive of the issue
  • Community Climate: What is the prevailing attitude of the community toward this issue? Is it one of helplessness or one of responsibility and empowerment?
  • Community Knowledge about the Issue: To what extent do community members know about the causes of the problem, consequences, and how it impacts your community?
  • Resources Related to the Issue: To what extent are local resources – people, time, money, space, etc. – available to support efforts?
  • Community-Related Data: To what extent is there valid, specific, relevant data to demonstrate the causes and consequences of this issue?

​Stages of Community Readiness

  1. No Awareness: Issue is not generally recognized by the community or leaders as a problem (or it may truly not be an issue).
  2. Denial / Resistance: At least some community members recognize that it is a concern, but there is little recognition that it might be occurring locally.
  3. Vague Awareness: Most feel that there is a local concern, but there is no immediate motivation to do anything about it.
  4. Preplanning: There is clear recognition that something must be done, and there may even be a group addressing it. However, efforts are not focused or detailed.
  5. Preparation: Active leaders begin planning in earnest. Community offers modest support of efforts.
  6. Initiation: Enough information is available to justify efforts. Activities are underway.
  7. Stabilization: Activities are supported by administrators or community decision makers. Staff are trained and experienced.
  8. Confirmation / Expansion: Efforts are in place. Community members feel comfortable using services, and they support expansions. Local data are regularly obtained.
  9. High Level of Community Ownership: Detailed and sophisticated knowledge exists about prevalence, causes, and consequences. Effective evaluation guides new directions. Model is applied to other issues.

​There are two tools that can be used to assess your coalition

​The Coalition Assessment was designed to assess key factors that influence your coalition’s success. The tool includes the following dimensions: coalition context, coalition structure, coalition membership, coalition process, and coalition results.

The Quality Process Survey was designed to assess the overall quality of communities’ collaborative process. "Process" refers to how a group of people are working together to achieve goals and to address issues. Four critical aspects of collaboration are: a focus, inclusivity, a constructive process, and the presence of strong facilitative leaders. It is important to remember that collaboration is more than just a tool. When collaboration works, it reproduces and builds the characteristics of civic community, allowing communities to deal with future issues in constructive ways.

​Resources

  
  
collapse Label : Coalition Assessment ‎(3)
Coalition Assessment Tool-Brief.pdfCoalition Assessment Tool-Brief
Coalition Assessment Brief.xlsCoalition Assessment Brief
Coalition Assessment Toolkit.pdfCoalition Assessment Toolkit
collapse Label : Community Readiness ‎(2)
Community Readiness Score Sheet.xlsCommunity Readiness Score Sheet
Community Readiness Toolkit.pdfCommunity Readiness Toolkit
collapse Label : Quality Process Survey ‎(3)
Quality Survey Manual.pdfQuality Survey Manual
Process Quality Survey Data Entry Template.xlsProcess Quality Survey Data Entry Template
Quality Process Survey.pdfQuality Process Survey